Curwen's Modulator

Curwen's Modulator

This very interesting example of music educational material was created by Reverend John Curwen (1816–1880), champion of the Tonic Sol-fa system. Furthermore, it was published, (originally), by his own publication house, John Curwen & Sons, Tonic Sol-fa Agency. This publication house followed his early articles outlining his system, published in the Independent Magazine in 1842, (‘Lessons in Singing’, Independent Magazine, i (1842), 23–30, 58–63, 91–5, 129–39, 164–6, 390–92, 420–22), and his Singing for Schools and Congregations which followed a year later and is considered the first developed statement of the Tonic Sol-fa method. According to the H.C. Colles, et al. article in Grove Music Online, these publications were not a financial success for Curwen. However, apparently not dissuaded, Curwen proceeded to found a periodical called the Tonic Sol-fa Reporter, Which ultimately proved to also be unsuccessful, (publishing only two volumes). It was his series of articles in Cassell’s Popular Educator in 1852 which brought many students into the fold, and led to his larger successes, one of which is the above document recently added to our collection.